- Edit My Profile
- My Disclosures of Interest
- My Workspaces
- My Presentations & Exams
- My Volunteer Profile
- My CPNP Transcript Center
- My Opportunities
My CPNP provides quick access to the most important features on cpnp.org.
You will see your important notices, and you will have direct access to your exams and other action items.
Log in now to see your personalized page.
Kalk NJ, Nutt DJ, Lingford-Hughes AR. The role of central noradrenergic dysregulation in anxiety disorders: evidence from clinical studies. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 2011;25(1):3-16. doi:10.1177/0269881110367448.
The nature of the noradrenergic dysregulation in clinical anxiety disorders remains unclear. In panic disorder, the predominant view has been that central noradrenergic neuronal networks and/or the sympathetic nervous system was normal in patients at rest, but hyper-reactive to specific stimuli, for example carbon dioxide. These ideas have been extended to other anxiety disorders, which share with panic disorder characteristic subjective anxiety and physiological symptoms of excess sympathetic activity....
If you have any questions, please contact us.