Patients with psychiatric and/or neurologic disorders make up a large percentage of the patients for whom pharmacists provide care in all types of settings. It is critical for pharmacy students to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to both recognize and treat these disorders. For this reason, the College of Psychiatric & Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP) created a Curriculum Task Force to assess both the current state of psychiatry and neurology curriculum as well as the existing gaps in pharmacy education in accredited programs in the United states.
Access the full article online. Citation: Julie A. Dopheide, Jolene R. Bostwick, Lisa W Goldstone, Kelan Thomas, Ruth Nemire, Kelly N. Gable, Marshall Cates, Joshua Caballero, Tawny Smith, and Jacquelyn Bainbridge (2017). Curriculum in Psychiatry and Neurology for Pharmacy Programs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education: Volume 81, Issue 7, Article 5925. DOI: 10.5688/ajpe8175925.
Two separate surveys were created to accomplish this charge. The first survey targeted faculty involved in the curriculum at accredited pharmacy programs whereas the second survey was sent to CPNP members who had both board certification in psychiatric pharmacy (BCPP) in addition to an academic affiliation. A response rate of 56% was obtained from pharmacy programs whereas 65% of CPNP members completed the survey.
Clinical faculty teaching psychiatry topics tended to have a BCPP whereas board certification in pharmacotherapy (BCPS) was more common for faculty teaching neurology topics. Topics reported as having the most didactic time (3 hours or greater) included pain, epilepsy, depression, and schizophrenia. Some topics such as autism spectrum, eating, and personality disorders received very little, if any time, in therapeutic coursework. Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences in psychiatry outnumbered those in neurology by 5 to 1 with acute inpatient psychiatry rotations being most common. CPNP members felt that several skills relating to psychiatry and neurology should be taught with a noticeable discrepancy as to what was currently being taught.
CPNP will continue to support the development of psychiatry and neurology curriculum at Doctor of Pharmacy programs. This paper can and should be used by the CPNP membership at their respective pharmacy programs and practice settings to create didactic and experiential curriculum that will teach pharmacy students to be able to effectively work with and treat patients with psychiatric and/or neurologic disorders.
The recommendations from this research focus on curriculum which tends to be specific to each institution. Please email the Teaching Community if you have additional thoughts about how CPNP could facilitate improving the curriculum at your institution or nationwide. CPNP is already working to support the training of pharmacy students by offering the following tools and opportunities for sharing between faculty: